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This book describes Dissociative Identity Disorder (Multiple Personality Disorder), Diagnosis and Treatment and Related Diseases

A classic example of Dissociative Identity Disorder or Multiple Personality Disorder is the Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde (a Gothic novella by Scottish author Robert Louis Stevenson, first published in 1886).

While Dr Jekyll is a good kind doctor, his alternate personality Mr Hyde is a killer.

Dissociative identity disorder, previously known as multiple personality disorder, is a type of dissociative disorder caused by mental and physical trauma to a person.

Dissociative identity disorder (DID) is a rare disorder in which 2 or more distinct identities, or personality states, are manifest in a person and alternately take control.

Some people depict this as an occurrence of possession.

The person also develops memory loss that is too widespread to be explained by ordinary forgetfulness.

Dissociative identity disorder was termed multiple personality disorder up until 1994, when the name was changed to indicate a better understanding of the disorder.

The disorder is featured by a fragmentation or splintering of identity, rather than by a creation or growth of separate personalities.

The symptoms of DID cannot be clarified as being the direct psychological effects of a substance or of a general medical disorder.

DID indicates a failure to combine different aspects of identity, memory, and consciousness into a single multidimensional self.

Normally, a primary identity takes the person's given name and is submissive, needy, accountable, and depressed.

When in control, each personality state, or its alternate position, may be felt as if it has a distinct history, self-image and identity.

The alternate state's characteristics such as name, reported age and gender, vocabulary, general knowledge, and predominant mood will be in contrast with those of the primary identity.

Certain circumstances or stress factors can induce a particular alternate state to emerge.

The different identities may reject knowledge of one another, be critical of one another, or seem to be in open conflict.

In many countries, possession conditions are a normal part of a cultural or spiritual practice.

Possession-like identities often present as behaviors under the charge of a spirit or other supernatural being.

People with dissociative disorders make use of dissociation as a defense mechanism, pathologically and involuntarily.

The patient experiences these dissociations to protect himself.

Together with dissociative amnesia and depersonalization-derealization disorder, it is one of the 3 major dissociative disorders.

Dissociative disorders can be present in people of all ages, races, ethnicity, and backgrounds.

The National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI) evaluates that about 2 percent of people have dissociative disorders.

Dissociative identity disorder together with other dissociative disorders normally develops as a method to manage some type of trauma they have felt.

90 percent of people with dissociative identity disorder in the USA, Canada, and Europe have felt childhood neglect or abuse.

Dissociative disorders normally develop as a way to deal with trauma.

The disorders most often develop in children subjected to long-term physical, sexual or emotional abuse or a home environment that is fearsome or highly volatile.

Symptoms are:
Dissociative amnesia
Dissociative fugue
Blurred identities

Change from one identity to another is activated by stress

Dissociative disorders treatment may differ based on the type of disorder the patient have but include psychotherapy and medicine

Chapter 1 Dissociative Identity Disorder
Chapter 2 Causes
Chapter 3 Symptoms
Chapter 4 Diagnosis
Chapter 5 Treatment
Chapter 6 Prognosis
Chapter 7 Schizophrenia
Chapter 8 Sexual Abuse

Gesundheit, Körper und Geist
21. November
Kenneth Kee

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