The Apology is Plato's version of the speech given by Socrates as he defended himself in 399 BC against the charges of "corrupting the young, and by not believing in the gods in whom the city believes. The Apology begins with Socrates saying he does not know if the men of Athens (his jury) have been persuaded by his accusers. This first sentence is crucial to the theme of the entire speech. Indeed, in the Apology Socrates will suggest that philosophy begins with a sincere admission of ignorance; he later clarifies this, dramatically stating that whatever wisdom he has, comes from his knowledge that he knows nothing.
Was Socrates the author or Plato? In either case it deals with the great issues in life. Virtue versus advantage, crime against punishment, Adequate time to consider life and death issues. Acceptance of the law’s outcome and contemplation of life and death and the prospect of a long rest or opportunity to join the great minds of the past. Most of all a life which is not examined is not worth living. To face an enemy and defend truth as bravely as expected when baring arms.