The book provides the reader with a multifaceted picture of mathematics education in Israel, put into an international perspective where relevant. It is intended to give an overview of a wide range of topics covering issues such as raising and maintaining motivation, search for excellence, treatment of difficulties, teacher education, language issues, minorities issues, curriculum changes over the first 70 years of the state of Israel, and many more. This includes aspects of research and practice into the teaching and learning of mathematics, innovation, developments, policy, achievements, and implementation with some international comparison as well.Contents: Issues and Innovations Related to the Structure of Mathematics Education in Israel: Highlights in the Development of Education and Mathematics Education in the State of Israel: A Timeline (Michael N Fried, Hannah Perl and Abraham Arcavi) How Did a Crisis in Mathematics Education Lead to a Positive Reform? (Muhana Fares) A Start-Up Nation at Risk: Israel's Quest for Excellence (Eli Hurvitz) Supervision of Mathematics Teaching by the Ministry of Education (Hannah Perl, Dorit Neria, Ruth Segal and Niza Sion) Mathematics Education in Israeli Religious High-Schools (Thierry (Noah) Dana-Picard and Sara Hershkovitz) Excellence in Mathematics in the Ultra-Orthodox Community: Fantasy or Reality? (Reuven Gal, Yehuda Morgenstern and Yael Elimelech) Mathematics Education in the Arabic-Speaking Sectors in Israel (Shaker A Rasslan and Amal Sharif-Rasslan) Issues and Innovations Related to Mathematics Education at Preschool and Primary School (Grades K-6) in Israel: New Developments and Trends in Preschool Mathematics Education in Israel (Ornit Spektor-Levy and Taly Shechter) Origametria — Paper Folding for Teaching Geometry in Preschool and Primary School (John Oberman) Educating the Eye: The Agam Program for Visual Thinking (Rina Hershkowitz, Zvia Markovits, Sherman Rosenfeld, Lea Ilani and Bat-Sheva Eylon) Professional Development for Preschool Teachers: The CAMTE Framework and Repeating Patterns (Dina Tirosh, Pessia Tsamir, Esther Levenson and Ruthi Barkai) Time to Know — A Socio-constructivist Initiative to Integrate Computers in the Teaching and Learning of Primary Mathematics (Dovi Weiss and Tali Wallach) Issues and Innovations Related to Mathematics Education at Middle and High School (Grades 7–12) in Israel: Exhausting Students' Potential in Mathematics: A Comprehensive Approach to Promoting Both Struggling and Promising Students (Orit Zaslavsky, Liora Linchevski, Noga Hermon, Drora Livneh and Iris Zodik) Middle School Mathematics Curriculum Based on the Power of Open Technological Tools: The Case of CompuMath Project (Rina Hershkowitz and Michal Tabach) Mathematics at the Virtual School: Why? Why not? Who? What? And So What? (Yaniv Biton, Osnat Fellus, Dafna Raviv, David Feilchenfeld and Boris Koichu) Nurturing Students with High Mathematical Potential (Abraham (Avi) Berman and Roza Leikin) The Bar-Ilan University — ICAMS Program for the Advancement of Mathematically Talented Youth (Zvi Arad and Elisheva (Gerstein) Fridman) Mathematical Excellence: The Mofet Way (Tamara Avissar-Zeldis) The Advancement of Mathematics Studies in the ORT Israel Educational Network — Policy and Implementation (Lea Dolev and Eli Eisenberg) Promoting Advanced-Level Mathematics in Diverse Populations in the Amal Educational Network (Ronit Ashkenazy and Anna Vaknin) Problem-Solving Forums on Social Networks that Accompany the Learning of Mathematics in Israeli High Schools (Boris Koichu, Yaniv Biton, Olga Gendler and Nelly Keller) Designing Mathematics Textbooks: The Case of the Integrated Mathematics Curriculum Program (Alex Friedlander, Ruhama Even and Naomi Robinson) Introducing All High School Students to the True Nature of Contemporary Mathematics: Meeting the Challenge (Nitsa Movshovitz-Hadar) Issues and Innovations Related to Teacher Education — Training and Professional Development in...