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Descrição da editora
The two government reports comprising this unique guide have been professionally converted for accurate flowing-text e-book format reproduction. Contents: Regulation of Cryptocurrency in Selected Jurisdictions, June 2018 * A1. Introduction * A2. Argentina * A3. Australia * A4. Belarus * A5. Brazil * A6. Canada * A7. China * A8. France * A9. Gibraltar * A10. Iran * A11. Israel * A12. Japan * A13. Jersey * A14. Mexico * A15. Switzerland * Regulation of Cryptocurrency Around the World, June 2018 * Comparative Summary * 1. The Americas * 2. The Caribbean * 3. Europe * 4. Middle East and North Africa * 5. Central Asia * 6. South Asia * 7. East Asia and the Pacific * Virtual currencies * Digital money * Blockchain technologies * Bitcoin * Ethereum.
This report surveys the legal and policy landscape surrounding cryptocurrencies around the world. While not dissimilar in form to the 2014 Law Library of Congress report on the same subject, which covered forty foreign jurisdictions and the European Union, this report is significantly more comprehensive, covering 130 countries as well as some regional organizations that have issued laws or policies on the subject. This expansive growth is primarily attributable to the fact that over the past four years cryptocurrencies have become ubiquitous, prompting more national and regional authorities to grapple with their regulation. The resulting availability of a broader set of information regarding how various jurisdictions are handling the fast-growing cryptocurrency market makes it possible to identify emerging patterns, some of which are described below. The country surveys are also organized regionally to allow for region-specific comparisons.
One interesting aspect of the fast-growing cryptocurrency market is the fluidity of the terms used to describe the different products that fall within its ambit. While the various forms of what are broadly known as "cryptocurrencies" are similar in that they are primarily based on the same type of decentralized technology known as blockchain with inherent encryption, the terminology used to describe them varies greatly from one jurisdiction to another. Some of the terms used by countries to reference cryptocurrency include: digital currency (Argentina, Thailand, and Australia), virtual commodity (Canada, China, Taiwan), crypto-token (Germany), payment token (Switzerland), cyber currency (Italy and Lebanon), electronic currency (Colombia and Lebanon), and virtual asset (Honduras and Mexico).
One of the most common actions identified across the surveyed jurisdictions is government-issued notices about the pitfalls of investing in the cryptocurrency markets. Such warnings, mostly issued by central banks, are largely designed to educate the citizenry about the difference between actual currencies, which are issued and guaranteed by the state, and cryptocurrencies, which are not. Most government warnings note the added risk resulting from the high volatility associated with cryptocurrencies and the fact that many of the organizations that facilitate such transactions are unregulated. Most also note that citizens who invest in cryptocurrencies do so at their own personal risk and that no legal recourse is available to them in the event of loss.