The Babylonian Captivity is catastrophic for the Jews. In Psalm 137 we read: “By the waters of Babylon we sat and wept when we remembered Zion” (Psalm 137: 1). And 1 Chronicles 9: 1 tells us: “The people of Judah were taken captive to Babylon because of their unfaithfulness.” Cyrus the Great king of Persia (559-530 B.C.—modern-day Iran) conquers Babylon by 540 B.C., and following his enlightened policies allows the people conquered by Assyria and Babylon to return to their homes and rebuild. Ezra 1-6 tells the story of the generation who returns to Jerusalem under Cyrus’ decree of 538 B.C. Chapter 6 ends with the celebration of Passover on April 21, 516 B.C. in the newly rebuilt Temple.