"No one man was responsible," begins the opening roll-up of Above and Beyond, M-G-M's 1953 biopic of Paul Tibbets, thirty-year-old pilot of the Enola Gay. Still, the roll-up concludes, its words drifting above a picture-postcard view of the Capitol Building, "it is hoped that the story told here ... can serve to illumine the combined achievement of all." Few viewers at the time would have objected to Hollywood's speaking of the bombing of Hiroshima as an achievement. In an August 1945 Gallup poll, when asked, "Do you approve or disapprove of the use of the atomic bomb?" 85 percent of Americans surveyed approved. Responding to another Gallup poll a month later, 69 percent considered it "a good thing" that the A-bomb had been developed. And in a study conducted in the summer of 1946 by the Social Research Council, when asked, "How worded are you about the atomic bomb?" 65 percent of the some three thousand adult Americans surveyed claimed that they were either not much worried or not worried at all. In polls through the early fifties, approval began tailing off and worries about nuclear warfare became more frequent, but on balance the positive attitude prevailed (Boyer 22-23).