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Publisher Description

This book clarifies the mechanisms of economic
globalization in changing industries’ locations and shows how industries’ locations have changed
through those mechanisms. First, the book deals with the retailing industry.
Introducing the concept of a contact
into the market area analysis, it is shown in Part I that retailers’
market areas and prices are changed in different ways by a reduction of
transportation costs. The mechanism of these changes is explained by checking
the contact prices at apexes of the retailers’ market areas. Then the book moves
to the manufacturing industry and deals with a firm’s production process. Part II
of the book shows the manner in which the production volume of factories within
an agglomeration is decreased as the number of factories within the
agglomeration increases. Subsequently, considering the fact that many production
factories depart from agglomerations to other sites to reduce production costs,
a method of searching for a factory’s new site is proposed in which a firm can seek
out an optimal location of a factory in a short period of time. By referring to
a chaotic phenomenon, a firm sets a location
prospective area
in a large geographical area and selects an optimal
location within that area. In the third part of the book the city system is the
focus. Part III elucidates the theoretical formation of a city system and
analyzes structural changes of a city system due to a reduction of
transportation costs. The mechanism of the change is explained by a flexible market area theory which studies
a city system by using the market areas established in the free-entry equilibrium.
Then, the economic relationships between the cities within a city system are
examined from the point of view of the land rent in the cities’ areas. This
analysis shows the influences of a change in the largest city on other cities. Finally,
the relationships between a city system and regional performance are examined
using real data. The examination shows that the city system reveals the regional

Business & Personal Finance
March 11
Springer Singapore
Springer Nature B.V.

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