ABSTRACT This research reports the results of a survey investigating faculty research productivity. The aim of the study was to document the influence of series of factors on faculty research productivity and the corresponding level of satisfaction with their availability in an environmentally specific context of the GCC countries. In addition, the study attempted to ascertain the presence of any significant differences that existed between the faculty's preference and those of university's expectations with respect to the time allocation among the faculty work related activities. The overall results show a significant disparity between the perceived importance of factors influencing research productivity and the level of satisfaction with their availability. The results also show faculty's preference for allocating more time to research and other scholarly activities than the university administrators expect or university environment permits. The findings of this study might be of interest to both the faculty and the university administrators in developing an environment more conducive to research and scholarship. Notwithstanding certain limitations, the results of this study may also be used by the university administrators in the region to coordinate activities aimed at improving faculty scholarly productivity.