Gaston Camille Charles Maspero (June 23, 1846 – June 30, 1916) was a French Egyptologist, who popularized the term "Sea Peoples" in an 1881 paper. His son Henri Maspero, became a notable sinologist and scholar of East Asia. He was born in Paris in a family of immigrants from Italy. In 1867, Maspero met leading French Egyptologist Auguste Mariette, who offered him two relatively complex hieroglyphic text Maspero translated them for two weeks.
«History Of Egypt, Chaldæa, Syria, Babylonia, and Assyria volume 3” is the masterwork of one of the fathers of modern egyptology. This work, in twelve volumes, was translated from the French original, “Histoire ancienne des peuples de l'Orient classique” by E. L. McClure and published in 1903-1904. Maspero was a largely self-taught master of hieroglyphic translation. In November 1880, he was placed at the head of a French archeological mission, which developed later into the Institut Français d’Archéologie Orientale.