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Les tribunaux canadiens ont traditionnellement ete reticents a imposer a l'Etat des obligations financieres sur la base de droits economiques et sociaux, a proprement dit, ou de droits qui pourraient comporter une dimension positive, tels ceux deeoulant des articles 7 et 15 de la Charte canadienne des droits et libertes, qui reconnaissent respectivement a toute personne les droits a la securite et a l'egalite. Cette hesitation des instances judiciaires face a des droits positifs repose essentiellement sur deux motifs : l'illegitimite de l'intervention judiciaire dans les affaires economiques de l'Etat ainsi que la sur-complexite des droits economiques et sociaux pour la mise en oeuvre et la sanction desquels le controle judiciaire de constitutionnalite des lois ne serait pas adapte. Or, la jurisprudence de la Cour eonstitutionnelle de I'Afrique du Sud tend a demontrer que ces doutes, justifies dans une certaine mesure, ont cependant ete hypertrophies. Ce texte, sans ignorer les eontextes historique et politique differents du Canada et de l'Afrique du Sud, entend ainsi demontrer qu'il serait possible--et non pas souhaitable, cette question differente meritant d'autres developpement--pour les tribunaux canadiens d'intervenir de facon mesuree pour sanctionner les violations ales droits economiques et sociaux au Canada. Canadian courts have traditionally been reluctant to impose financial obligations on the State on the basis of economic and social rights, or any rights that could import "positive" obligations, such as those arising from articles 7 and 15 of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, which respectively recognize the rights of all individuals to security and equality. This hesitation by the courts to recognize "positive" rights essentially rests on two rationales: the illegitimacy of judicial intervention in the economic affairs of the State, and the over-complexity of economic and social rights, rendering judicial control over the constitutionality of laws ill-adapted to ensuring their enforcement and regulation. Jurisprudence from the Constitutional Court of South Africa demonstrates however that these doubts, though justifiable to a certain degree, have nevertheless been exaggerated. While recognizing the different historical and political contexts of Canada and South Africa, this article aims to demonstrate the extent to which it would be possible--not desirable, as this is a different question meriting further inquiry--for Canadian courts to engage in measured judicial intervention to sanction violations of economic and social fights in Canada.

GENRE
Professional & Technical
RELEASED
2008
June 22
LANGUAGE
EN
English
LENGTH
54
Pages
PUBLISHER
McGill Law Journal (Canada)
SELLER
The Gale Group, Inc., a Delaware corporation and an affiliate of Cengage Learning, Inc.
SIZE
361.5
KB

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