This is a medical malpractice case. Plaintiff, Robert Mabon (Mabon), the surviving spouse and personal representative of the Estate of Jewel Mae Mabon (Mrs. Mabon), appeals the order of the trial court granting summary judgment in favor of defendant, George E. Thomas, M.D. On November 15, 1991, Mrs. Mabon entered the emergency room at Jackson-Madison County General Hospital (Hospital) in Jackson, Tennessee complaining of severe abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting. Mrs. Mabon had a history of arteriosclerotic heart disease. She was admitted to Hospital, and Dr. Thomas, who had been treating Mrs. Mabon for about five years, discussed the possibility of surgery with her and her family. Dr. Thomas decided not to perform surgery, and Mrs. Mabon died approximately sixteen hours after her arrival at Hospital.