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Beschreibung des Verlags
This study is meant to advance two main aims: first, to reconceptualize how social scientists and anthropologists define and analyze polydrug use, and second, to describe how some types of polydrug use practiced by users in collegiate settings reflect certain cultural values. Polydrug use is a widespread practice among American college students and a notable public health concern (McCabe et al. 2006; Perkins 2002; Feigelman, Gorman & Lee 1998; Schorling et al. 1994; Martin, Clifford & Clapper 1992). Yet from a cultural perspective, research tells us virtually nothing about polydrug use by young adults in collegiate settings. Few published studies provide even descriptive information regarding polydrug use trends among college students, let alone offer analyses of how these patterns are shaped by sociocultural factors. Those college-based studies that do purport to describe polydrug use typically employ operational definitions of this practice that are arbitrary to the extent that they adopt abstract time frames for measuring drug use. This is exemplified in studies that define polydrug use based on 30-day self-reports. If an individual reports that they have used alcohol, marijuana, and tobacco within the same 30-day period, for instance, they are classified as a polydrug user (Mohler-Kuo, Lee & Wechsler 2003; Shillington & Clapp 2001; Gledhill-Hoyt et al. 2000; Feigelman, Gorman & Lee 1998). Such descriptions give us little sense of how the actual combinations of certain drugs might relate to specific sociocultural factors, or even how the use of one drug is directly linked to the use of another. Put differently, current definitions and conceptualizations of polydrug use "do not include sufficiently refined measures of time, combination, or agency/intentionality in drug selection, combination, sequencing, use, and mediation of effects" (Schensul, Convey & Burkholder 2005).