An English Translation and the Correct Interpretation of Laozi's Tao Te Ching 英譯並正解老子道德經: 附 《道德經》艱深句子正解並白話對‪譯‬

    • 49,00 kr
    • 49,00 kr

Publisher Description


Tao Te Ching (《道德經》, or Dao De Jing), presumably written by Laozi (老子) of the 6th century BC, is one of the most famous and influential philosophical works in Chinese history. Being the foundational canon of Taoism (道家), Tao Te Ching outlines the characteristics and roles of the fundamental Tao (道) and its Te (德, Manifestation of Tao) in the formation and maintenance of all in the Universe. Written in fewer than 6000 Chinese characters, Tao Te Ching also depicts the underlying nature of governance and some natural laws, which, remarkably, include modern scientific concepts such as atomic theory, chemical equilibrium, polarities, as well as the quantum uncertainty principle. Accordingly, despite its age of over 2500 years, Tao Te Ching remains a monumental text that must be read by all.


Unfortunately, Tao Te Ching is often misinterpreted by many for more than two thousand years. Their failures can largely be categorized into four types:

Misinterpreting through the lenses of Taoist Religion (道教) and Huang-Lao (黄老) concepts. One typical example is erroneously taking Laozi had advised one to completely rid all desires to become a celestial being (神仙), which often leads to misinterpreting "鬼" as "ghosts" and "神" as "gods" or "dieties" in Tao Te Ching. Laozi had only asked one to minimize desires and had never addressed the existence of supernatural entities. Heshang Gong (河上公), one of the most prominent masters of Taoist Religion and the earliest commentators of Tao Te Ching, had often committed this type of error.
Misinterpreting through the lenses of Confucianism. Thus, characters such as "仁", "慈", "善", "德" are often misinterpreted by applying Confucian values. Laozi abhorred the establishment of Confucian "moral virtues", and so he could not have cherished them in Tao Te Ching. As Confucianism is widespread among Chinese academia, this type of misinterpretation is frequently committed by many scholars, including the renowned Wang Bi (王弼), Kang Youwei (康有為), Zhang Mosheng (張默生), Gao Heng (高亨), and James Legge.
Misinterpreting Chinese characters like "若", "似", and "或" as "seemingly", "resemble", and "perhaps". Such misinterpretations often give rise to the incorrect impression that Laozi was advising one to be pretending, scheming, and calculating. Laozi had always cherished acting by one's simple primitive nature and so would never have asked one to be pretending or disingenuous.
Committing a combination of misinterpretations outlined in 1, 2, or 3. This type of error usually results in multiple self-contradictions and inconsistencies, which further generate confusions and mystifications in understanding Tao Te Ching.


As such, this book aims to provide readers with a clear, concise, consistent, and correct English translation and interpretation of Tao Te Ching, which is presented here in a line-by-line format accompanied by 674 footnotes. Footnotes include justifications and references for interpreting key Chinese characters as well as brief discussions on various general misinterpretations. Further, to facilitate easy reading, the bare translated text is supplemented in a separate section, while the correct interpretation of difficult and complex sentences in vernacular Chinese (《道德經》艱深句子正解並白話對譯) in another.

About the Author

Kwan Sheung Vincent Poon (潘君尚, 1979-) was born in Hong Kong and studied at Ying Wa College as well as the University of Toronto, where he completed his BSc, MSc and BEd degrees. Being the top undergraduate in Biochemistry, he published numerous biochemistry research papers and is currently a teacher at the Toronto District School Board. His passion for Chinese culture began at the age of six when he started studying Chinese calligraphy under his father Kwok Kin POON (潘國鍵, PhD). His books include A Narrative on Calligraphy by Sun Guoting (英譯書譜), English Translation of Classical Chinese Calligraphy Masterpieces (英譯法書), as well as An English Translation and the Correct Interpretation of Laozi's Tao Te Ching (英譯並正解老子道德經).

Kwok Kin Poon (潘國鍵, 1949- ) was born in Guangzhou, raised in Hong Kong, and now resides in Toronto. He graduated from The Chinese University of Hong Kong (BA, MPh, DipEd), the University of Hong Kong (MA, PhD), and OISE University of Toronto (MEd). He studied Chinese history under Professor YAN Gengwang (嚴耕望), Chinese calligraphy under his grandfather TSE Hay (謝熙), and Chinese painting under RONG Shushi (容漱石). Dr. POON is a seasoned teacher, historian, calligrapher, columnist, and has held exhibitions in Hong Kong and Canada. His publications include《北魏與蠕蠕關係研究》,《國鍵文集》, 《潘國鍵書法集》,《國鍵畫選》, 《孫過庭書譜白話對譯》,《寫在信仰荊途上》,《年在耳順》, etc.. He also co-authored with KS Vincent POON A Narrative on Calligraphy by Sun Guoting (英譯書譜), English Translation of Classical Chinese Calligraphy Masterpieces (英譯法書), and An English Translation and the Correct Interpretation of Laozi's Tao Te Ching (英譯並正解老子道德經).

20 July
The Senseis

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