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The Odyssey is one of two major ancient Greek epic poems created by Homer, probably the first and the greatest of Greek epic poets. It is assumed that The Odyssey was written near the end of the 8th century BC. The poem is fundamental to the modern western church. It is the second oldest present western literary work after Iliad.
The poem primarily tells about the Greek hero named Odysseus (known in Roman myths as Ulysses) and his journey home after the Fall of Troy. He spends ten years to get to Ithaca after Trojan War. It was assumed that he has died in his absence. His wife Penelope and Son Telemachus had to deal with the group of naughty admirers, who wanted to cunquer Penelope’s hand in marriage.
The poem was translated into many languages around the world and was written in a poetic dialect of Greek, comprises 12100 lines of dactylic hexameter.
Robert Fagles's 1990 translation of The Iliad was highly praised; here, he moves to The Odyssey. As in the previous work, he adroitly mixes contemporary language with the driving rhythms of the original. The first line reads: "Sing to me of the man, Muse, the man of twists and turns/ driven time and again off course once he had plundered/ the hallowed heights of Troy." Hellenic scholar Bernard Knox contributes extensive introductory commentary, providing both historical and literary perspective. Notes, a pronouncing glossary, genealogies, a bibliography and maps of Homer's world are included.