It is hoped that this collection of modern Spanish comedies may be found useful as a contrast to the heavier reading material provided by the Spanish novel and short story. The novel should be studied in our courses as the great literary achievement of Nineteenth Century Spain; the short story, because it possesses the virtue of concentration. But Spanish prose, whether of the novel or the short story, offers peculiar difficulties to the English-speaking student. The periodic sentence, a surfeit of qualifying epithets, inversion, rhetorical and sententious monologues (cf. Galdos’s novels), and, in the longer novels, complication and elaboration of plot, are obstacles in the way of the student’s appreciation of the real beauties of this literature.