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Description de l’éditeur
A new approach to the classification of African oral texts Many researchers in oral literature have attempted to classify oral texts into well-defined genres. From Antti Aarne and Stith Thompson, who were the very first, followed by Vladimir Propp, Alan Dundes, Denise Paulme, Samuel-Marcel Eno Belinga, Veronica Gorog, Jean Derive to name but a few. They have endeavoured to identify tales and their various sub-categories, songs, myths, epic narratives and other oral genres. The result of their research is a classical classification based on the content of the oral text, its form (or structure), characters, function, the presence or absence of music and which includes tales, myths, legends, epics, songs, initiatory and/or sacred texts, proverbs, slogans and riddles. In the case of African oral literature, the use of oral texts takes into account other additional factors such as time, place and circumstance. Moreover, certain classical terms (for example the tale) do not correspond in every respect to the conception of these genres in the African milieu. For all these reasons, I have examined anew the different oral genres in the African context and propose that these texts be divided into five main categories. Key words: oral literature, oral genres, oral texts, discourse, utterances, games of jest.