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Description de l’éditeur
In this essay, I explore issues concerning accountability and global governance by looking at the case of Iraq. The case of Iraq is worth considering with respect to accountability in global governance in part because the economic sanctions against it were the first comprehensive measure imposed in the name of global governance--and they have also been the most devastating to a civilian population. This case presents in the starkest possible form the question of what should be done when an institution such as the UN Security Council, which is explicitly charged with responding to breaches of peace and security, becomes part of a system--the sanctions regime--that causes more damage to the innocent than do most wars. Likewise, it raises the question of what accountability there can be for unilateral actions by individual nations, such as an invasion and occupation, which are then legitimized by institutions of global governance. I am interested in the humanitarian damage done by economic means partly because of its ethical implications. It is this type of harm that most directly affects the innocent, and from which the political and military elite are most insulated. I am interested in it as well because it often seems amorphous and invisible. Terrible poverty often seems attributable to no one in particular; it rather appears to be a matter of random misfortune, however extreme it may be.