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Description de l’éditeur

Social workers are affected by exposure to their clients' traumatic life experiences and behaviors. Research has demonstrated that secondary traumatic stress (STS)--also referred to as vicarious trauma, compassion stress, or compassion fatigue--is prevalent among mental health professionals who work with traumatized clients (Fahy, 2007; Figley, 2002b; Jacobson, 2006; Jenkins & Baird, 2002; McCann & Pearlman, 1990). Researchers have examined the professional and personal reactions of mental health professionals to traumatic events, such as fatal or nonfatal client suicidal behavior (CSB) (Farberow, 2005; Hendin, Haas, Maltsberger, Szanto, & Rabinowicz, 2004; Jacobson, Ting, Sanders, & Harrington, 2004; Sanders, Jacobson, & Ting, 2005). CSB is defined as either a serious suicide attempt or a suicide completion by a client. CSB have been noted as one of the most stressful experiences in the career of a mental health professional (Chemtob, Bauer, Hamada, Pelowski, & Muraoka, 1989; Deutsch, 1984; Farber, 1983; Vorkoper & Meade, 2005). Posttraumatic stress (PTS) and STS reactions have been reported by mental health social workers who have experienced CSB (Jacobson et al., 2004; Sanders et al., 2005); however, there has been only limited research exploring the long-term perceived stress experienced in the aftermath of CSB. This study focused on mental health social workers' levels of perceived stress after experiencing the trauma of surviving fatal or nonfatal CSB. The research objective was to explore the extent to which social workers experience long-term residual effects of perceived stress and continual thoughts of their most traumatizing incident of CSB. LITERATURE REVIEW

Essais et sciences humaines
1 octobre
National Association of Social Workers

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