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Description de l’éditeur

Poetry is one kind of artistic forms that appeared in the early period of human social life, and it is also one of the most important human artistic patterns, which plays a very active and deep function in the entire human social life. The embryology, development and maturity of any kind of literary styles must go through a long process, so does poetry. The dissemination of poetry arises together with the poetry activities. Therefore all kinds of behaviours related to poetry possess the disseminative characteristics to some extent. Professor Huang Shaoqing, the renowned expert in the field of poetry study, divides the history of poetry writing into six stages in his book History of Chinese Poetry Writing. The first stage belongs to the initial stage of poetry writing, which is also known as the primitive form of poetry writing. The second stage belongs to the stage of writing archaism poetry, which includes The Book of Poetry, The Odes of Ch'u, Yuefu, etc, and it is also the pioneering stage for Chinese poetry writing. The third stage is the stage of writing modern-style poetry when poetry style gradually has its definite form. The fourth stage is the stage for the initial fission of Chinese poetry style, among which the writing of literator poem is very extrusive. The fifth stage is the sage for further fission of Chinese poetry style and the writing of San-Ch'u, which focuses on Xiaoling and Santao, occupies large part of poetry writing space. The sixth stage is the stage of writing modern poetry and it is an ultimate "fission type of" revolution in Chinese poetry writing history, in which great changes have taken places in forms and contents of poetry. Poetry styles do not confine to factors such as rules and forms of classical poem, etc, colloquialism becomes the trend in the language use and the contents become popularized step by step, which is making its great efforts to express the great changes of eras. As to the motives for the changes of poetry styles, Professor Huang Shaoqing points out the following reasons, that is, "Most changes in poetry styles originate from people who are mothers that nurse and give birth to poetry styles. As Luxun once said that in my point of view, poem, poetry, lyrics and verse originated from people and literators just took them for their own use. We will find out, from the panoramic view of origination and change of certain poetry styles, from The Book of Poetry, The Odes of Ch'u, Yuefu, to Song poetry, Yuan Verse, from Four-character Sentence Pattern, Five--character Sentence Pattern, to Lyrics, that all of the above-mentioned poetry styles originate from the folks, which can become a kind of relatively perfect poetry style only after literators absorbed, learned, processed and improved them ... It is very important to do well in absorbing foreign nutrition and deal with theoretical conclusion, which will improve poetry style revolution and promote poetry writing quality." (2)

Essais et sciences humaines
1 février
Canadian Academy of Oriental and Occidental Culture

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