• 2,99 €

Description de l’éditeur

On 23 October 1958, the Swedish Academy awarded Boris Pasternak the Nobel Prize in Literature. The news provoked a furious response from the Central Committee, even though the authorities in Moscow had long expected this outcome. (1) Despite the general formulation of the Nobel Committee, "important achievement both in contemporary lyrical poetry and in the field of the great Russian epic tradition," (2) Soviet officials mainly associated the award with Pasternak's Doctor Zhivago, and it was against the novel that the brunt of the attack was directed. This reaction had as much to do with the unsanctioned publication and acclaim of the book in the West as with the novel's content. Written in 1946-55, Doctor Zhivago was the first major ethical, historical, and philosophical reassessment of the Revolution and the Civil War to come from within Russia. The novel traced the origins of many evils that plagued the country in the 20th century to the bloodshed of the Revolution, thus questioning the foundations of society, which even the 20th Party Congress did not attempt to disturb. A campaign of media denunciation, backstage pressure, and blackmail forced Pasternak, despite his dignified resistance, to reject the prize on 29 October. On 27 October, a joint meeting of the three highest administrative bodies in the country's literary establishment had expelled him from the Union of Soviet Writers. (3) Pasternak may have narrowly escaped expatriation, and on 14 March 1959 Procurator-General of the USSR Roman Rudenko interrogated him, threatening criminal prosecution. (4) Up until his death on 30 May 1960, Pasternak remained persona non grata to the official establishment--a rejection at once provoked and checked by the massive support he received abroad, including a flood of letters from his Western sympathizers. (5)

22 juin
Slavica Publishers, Inc.

Plus de livres par Kritika