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This excellent report has been professionally converted for accurate flowing-text e-book format reproduction. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and Medellin, Colombia, are large urban cities that have struggled with public insecurity caused by illegal armed groups. Both have developed new programs to address areas of violence and parts of the cities that have become marginalized. In Brazil, the State Secretary for Public Security of Rio de Janeiro is implementing the Pacifying Police Unit program. In Colombia, the program is called the Medellin Model and originated out of the mayor's office. This study uses a comparative analysis to describe how each country's transition to democracy, police structure, and political structure influenced the development and shape of each program.
CHAPTER I - INTRODUCTION * A. MAJOR RESEARCH QUESTION * B. IMPORTANCE * C. PROBLEMS AND HYPOTHESES * D. LITERATURE REVIEW * 1. Juan Linz and Alfred Stepan * 2. Narcis Serra * 3. Max Ungar * 4. Claudio A. Fuentes * E. METHODS AND SOURCES * F. THESIS OVERVIEW * CHAPTER II - RIO DE JANEIRO, BRAZIL * A. INTRODUCTION * B. MILITARY RULE * C. BRAZIL'S POLICE * 1. Military Heritage * 2. Police Accountability * 3. Police and Military Joint Operations * 4. Community Policing * D. PACIFYING POLICE UNITS * E. TRENDS * CHAPTER III - MEDELLIN, COLOMBIA * A. INTRODUCTION * B. NEW PERSPECTIVE * C. COLOMBIA'S POLICE * D. MILITARY RULE * E. MEDELLIN MODEL * 1. Peace and Reconciliation Program * a. Education * b. Economic Opportunity * 2. Youth Programs * 3. Economic Opportunity * 4. Local Governance Committees * 5. Information Sharing * 6. Integral Urban Projects * 7. Human Rights Boards * 8. Trends * CHAPTER IV - ANALYSIS OF THE TWO MODELS * A. DIFFERENCES * B. SIMILARITIES * C. TESTING THE HYPOTHESES * 1. Transition to Democracy * 2. Philosophy * D. FINAL THOUGHTS * CHAPTER V - CONCLUSION