This mid-2018 report has been professionally converted for accurate flowing-text e-book format reproduction. The People's Republic of China has emerged as the most significant long-term strategic competitor to the United States on the world stage. To accomplish this, China has made substantial investments in modern naval systems. In order to understand how successful China has been in this effort, an understanding of its acquisition system is required. Different countries use different processes for the acquisition of defense systems. Currently, there is not a standard method for comparing the efficiency of acquisition systems between the United States and other nations. The purpose of this research was to develop a framework that can be used to accomplish this task and to then demonstrate that framework on the United States' and China's naval shipbuilding programs. The results of this research identified 10 key factors that affect a country's acquisition efficiency. While the United States' shipbuilding program outperforms China's in seven of these areas, China's leads in two key factors: cost and schedule performance. This indicates that although the United States has a more efficient acquisition system overall, China is still able to produce warships faster and at a lower cost. In order to maintain its strategic advantage on the world stage, the United States must work to ensure that its acquisition system remains ahead overall and closes the gap when it comes to cost and schedule.
I. Introduction * A. Purpose Of Research * B. Research Questions * 1. Primary Research Question * 2. Secondary Research Questions * C. Scope And Limitations * D. Methodology * E. Organization Of Report * Ii. Background * A. Defense Acquisition Systems * B. Requirements System * 1. U.S. Requirements Process * 2. PRC Requirements Process * C. Resource Allocation System * 1. U.S. Resource Allocation Process * 2. PRC Resource Allocation Process * D. Weapons Development System * 1. U.S. Weapons Development System * 2. PRC Weapons Development System * E. Comparison * F. Conclusion * Iii. Literature Review * A. U.S. Acquisition Efficiency * 1. DOD Performance Metrics * 2. Gao Performance Metrics * 3. DOD Improvement Efforts * 4. Naval Shipbuilding Efficiency * B. Comparisons Of Acquisition Systems * 1. The United States And European Allies * 2. The United States And Asian Allies * 3. The United States And The Republic Of China * C. The PRC Acquisition System * 1. Strengths And Weaknesses * 2. Innovation Framework * 3. Opportunities And Constraints * 4. Chinese Naval Shipbuilding * D. Conclusion * Iv. Methodology And Framework * A. Methodology * 1. Efficiency Factors * 2. Metric Selection * 3. Data Analysis * B. Framework Development * 1. Factor Selection * 2. Metric And Scoring Criteria Selection * V. Data Analysis * A. Cost Factor * 1. United States * 2. China * 3. Comparison * B. Schedule Factor * 1. United States * 2. China * 3. Comparison * C. Performance Factor * 1. United States * 2. China * 3. Comparison * D. Acquisition Workforce Factor * 1. United States * 2. China * E. Contracting Factor * 1. United States * 2. China * F. Resource Allocation Factor * 1. United States * 2. China * G. Innovation Factor * 1. United States * 2. China * H. Industrial Base Factor * 1. United States * 2. China * I. Requirements System Factor * 1. United States * 2. China * J. O&S Costs Factor * 1. United States * 2. China * 3. Conclusion * Vi. Conclusion And Recommendations * A. Conclusion * 1. Primary Research Question * 2. Secondary Research Questions * B. Implications And Recommendations * C. Future Research