HEMP is a fiber used in making twines and light cordage. It is also used as an extender for imported cordage fibers, particularly abaca, sisal, and henequen, when supplies of these are not adequate to meet domestic demands. The size of the hemp industry, therefore, is greatly influenced by the availability of imported cordage fibers.
Hemp is not a hard crop to grow. It should be planted on the most productive land on the farm—land that would make 50 to 70 bushels of corn per acre.
The crop is planted with a grain drill and harvested with special machinery rented from hemp mills.
It is allowed to lie on the ground until the outer part of the stalks has rotted, freeing the fibers. This process is called dew retting.