Background: The Tiv of Nigeria The geographical position of the Tiv, according to Laura and Paul Bohannan (1969: 9) and Rubingh (1969: 58), is between 6[degrees] 30' and 8[degrees] 10' north latitude and 8[degrees] and 10[degrees] east longitude. The Tiv shares borders with the Chamba and Jukun of Taraba State in the northeast; with the Igede (Benue), Iyala, Gakem and Obudu of Cross River State in the southeast; and the Idoma of Benue State to the south. There is also an international boundary between the Tiv and the Republic of Cameroon at a southeastern angle of the ethnic group's location. They are among the minority ethnic groups in Nigeria. Numbering about 2. 5 million individuals, according to the 1991 Nigerian population census, they occupy the Middle Belt States of Benue, Taraba, Nasarawa, and Plateau.1 A few Tiv are also found in Cross River and Adamawa States.