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Descrizione dell’editore

ALTHOUGH MANY STUDIES CARRIED OUT in the emergency department (ED) have relied on patient self-reports of alcohol consumption before the injury event to identify those injuries that may be considered to be alcohol related, to identify those patients who may benefit from a brief intervention for problem drinking, or both, relatively few studies have examined the validity of self-report data compared with objective measures in this setting. Although verbal self-reports have generally been found to have reasonable validity within the context of a structured interview (Babor et al., 1990; Del Boca and Noll, 2000; Midanik, 1982, 1988), validity has been found to vary considerably according to a number of variables, including the population studied, the criterion used, and the quantity and frequency of usual drinking (Babor et al., 1987; Dawson, 2003; Embree and Whitehead, 1993; O'Farrell and Maisto, 1987). As quantity and frequency of drinking increase, the variance in quantity and frequency also increases and could be a source of systematic bias related to accurate recall (Gruenewald, 1996). Analysis of national alcohol survey data found less consistency in self-reported heavy drinking among those who reported more frequent heavy drinking (Greenfield et al., 2006). Studies comparing self-reports with estimates of blood alcohol concentration (BAC) have not found good validity among those arrested for drunken driving (Fine et al., 1978; Jalazo et al., 1978), although BAC estimates may not correlate well with self-reports, regardless of the population studied, because of the amount of alcohol consumed, the period during which consumption occurred, and the time lapsed following consumption (O'Farrell and Maisto, 1987).

GENERE
Salute, mente e corpo
PUBBLICATO
2007
1 marzo
LINGUA
EN
Inglese
PAGINE
24
EDITORE
Alcohol Research Documentation, Inc.
DIMENSIONE
275.2
KB

Altri libri di Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs