Published in 1797, the Critique of Pure Reason is considered to be one of the foremost philosophical works ever written. In the Critique of Pure Reason, Immanuel Kant explores the foundation of human knowledge and its limits, as well as man's ability to engage in metaphysics.
The Critique builds on the works of famous philosophers such as John Locke and David Hume, but Kant takes their ideas further. Kant delves into new ideas concerning time and space and how human knowledge relates to cause and effect. Kant's ideas were unique for his time in that he believed that human knowledge did not conform to objects but that objects conformed to human knowledge. It was also Kant's view that humans were born with some prior knowledge that might also be termed intuition and that additional knowledge was gained through life experience.
Born in 1724, Immanuel Kant was a German philosopher who is considered by many to be an important contributor to modern philosophical thought. The basics of Kant's beliefs were that the human mind was responsible for creating the structure of one's experiences.