The Life in Canada Fifty Years Ago. When a man poses before the world even the Canadian world in the role of an author he is expected to step up to the footlights and explain his purpose in presenting himself before the public in that capacity. The settlement of Ontario, known up to the time of Confederation as the Province of Upper Canada, or Canada West, began in 1784, so that at the date I purpose to make a brief survey of the condition and progress of the country, it had been settled forty-six years. During those years--no insignificant period in a single life, but very small indeed in the history of a country the advance in national prosperity and in the various items that go to make life pleasant and happy had been marvellous. The muscular arm of the sturdy pioneer hand hewn its way into the primeval forest, and turned the gloomy wilderness into fruitful fields.