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Introduction Perceived causes and suggested solutions for the dental hygiene faculty shortage play a role in America's access to care problem. The ability of an individual to obtain dental care is known as access to care. (1) The lack of access to dental care gained national prominence in May of 2000 when the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services published the United States Surgeon General's National Call to Action to Promote Oral Health. (2) The American Dental Education Association (ADEA) believes dental educators should promote and ensure access to effective oral health care, (3) and as debates regarding solutions are ongoing, the general consensus is that reversing the trend of faculty shortages would create more dental care providers, and thus alleviate the access to care problem. (1-3) This literature review focuses on the dental hygiene faculty shortage. Current peer-reviewed publications were examined for pertinent information associated with faculty shortages in the dental professions.