Descripción de editorial
To meet the aviation needs of our Nation now and in the future, the Federal government must continue to advance U.S. technological leadership in aeronautics by fostering a vibrant and dynamic aeronautics community that includes government, industry, and academia. A strong national program of research and development (R&D) for aeronautics technology forms the foundation of the U.S. aeronautics and aviation enterprise. Aeronautics R&D is critical for national security and homeland defense, an efficient national air transportation system, and the economic well-being and quality of life of our citizens.
This National Aeronautics Research and Development Plan (Plan) lays out high-priority national aeronautics R&D challenges, goals, and supporting objectives to guide the conduct of U.S. aeronautics R&D activities through 2020 as called for by Executive Order 13419 (National Aeronautics R&D), which established the National Aeronautics R&D Policy.
Research and Development Plan Contents: Organizational Progress * Intra-Agency Research * Interagency and Collaborative Research * Mobility Through the Air Is Vital to Economic Stability, Growth, and Security as a Nation * Introduction * State of the Art * Fundamental Mobility Challenges to Overcome * Mobility R&D Goals and Objectives * Goal 1—Develop Reduced Aircraft Separation in Trajectory- and Performance-Based Operations * Goal 2—Develop Increased NAS Capacity by Managing NAS Resources and Air Traffic Flow Contingencies * Goal 3—Reduce the Adverse Impacts of Weather on Air Traffic Management Decisions * Goal 4—Maximize Arrivals and Departures at Airports and in Metroplex Areas * Goal 5—Develop Expanded Manned and Unmanned Aircraft System Capabilities to Take Advantage of Increased Air Transportation System Performance * Aviation Is Vital to National Security and Homeland Defense * Introduction * State of the Art * Fundamental Technical Challenges to Overcome * National Security and Homeland Defense R&D Goals and Objectives * Goal 1—Demonstrate Increased Cruise Lift-to-Drag and Innovative Airframe Structural Concepts for Highly Efficient High-Altitude Flight and for Mobility Aircraft * Goal 2—Develop Improved Lift, Range, and Mission Capability for Rotorcraft * Goal 3—Demonstrate Reduced Gas Turbine Specific Fuel Consumption * Goal 4—Demonstrate Increased Power Generation and Thermal Management Capacity for Aircraft * Goal 5—Demonstrate Sustained, Controlled, Hypersonic Flight * Goal 6—Develop Capabilities for UAS NAS Integration * Aviation Safety Is Paramount * Introduction * State of the Art * Fundamental Safety Challenges to Overcome * Aviation Safety R&D Goals and Objectives * Goal 1—Develop Technologies to Reduce Accidents and Incidents Through Enhanced Vehicle Design, Structure, and Subsystems * Goal 2—Develop Technologies, for Manned and Unmanned Systems, to Reduce Accidents and Incidents Through Enhanced Aerospace Vehicle Operations on the Ground and in the Air * Goal 3—Demonstrate Enhanced Passenger and Crew Survivability in the Event of an Accident * Assuring Energy Availability and Efficiency Is Central to the Growth of the Aeronautics Enterprise, and the Environment Must Be Protected While Sustaining Growth in Air Transportation * State of the Art * Fundamental Energy and Environmental Challenges to Overcome * Energy and Environment R&D Goals and Objectives * Goal 1—Enable New Aviation Fuels Derived from Diverse and Domestic Resources to Improve Fuel Supply Security and Price Stability