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Descripción de editorial
This excellent report has been professionally converted for accurate flowing-text e-book format reproduction. Since World War I, the popularity of using economic sanctions by western nations to influence the behavior of states not conforming to international norms has increased. The end of the Cold War renewed the zeal within the international community and unleashed a wave of new sanctions during the 1990s that earned it the "Sanctions Decade" title. Questions regarding the success of recent sanctions to influence Iraq, Haiti, Iran, and North Korea have fueled the debate among scholars and diplomats regarding the effectiveness of economic sanctions. This paper will summarize some of the key theories of economic sanctions along with criteria for successful implementation as learned from lessons. How sanctions have been applied towards Iran and North Korea will be presented along with an evaluation of their effectiveness to date. These two case studies will be examined by applying theory, practice, and historical context to evaluate and make recommendations regarding the continued use of economic sanctions to persuade North Korea and Iran to abandon their nuclear ambitions.
Are economic sanctions useful in forcing the modification of a nation's behavior? Has globalization of the world's economies made sanctions ineffective except in minor disagreements? Are the US and UN left with only the military option to dissuade the proliferation of nuclear weapons? Unfortunately recent cases increasingly indicate that successful application of sanctions is becoming a rare outcome.
Economic sanctions are currently the instrument of choice by western nations to influence or modify the behavior of actors deemed not meeting accepted norms set by the international community. The use of sanctions has risen to prominence exponentially since World War I, peaking in the 1990s. This paper will review the relevant theories on the application of economic sanctions as a tool of national power and their effectiveness in achieving success. The theories and lessons will be applied to analyze the effectiveness of the current sanctions imposed against Iran and North Korea in order to identify if success can be expected by maintaining the current course. The commonalities and differences between the two case studies will be highlighted and recommendations to change implementation in order to improve the possibility of success will be provided. Economic Sanction Theory Economic sanctions represent one tool available as nations exercise their instruments of national power, generally categorized in terms of diplomatic, military, informational, and economic, to influence the behavior of other actors in the pursuit of national objectives. The popularity of sanctions has risen in the twentieth century for a variety of reasons. The scar of World War I left many with a desire of never again using military force. World War II, nuclear weapons, and the Cold War provided further incentives to find other tools beside military force. Many saw the collapse of the Soviet Union, leaving the US as the sole remaining super power, as fertile ground for increased use of sanctions.