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An investigation into the nature of violence, terror, and trauma through conversations with a notorious war criminal by Jessica Stern, one of the world's foremost experts on terrorism.
Between October 2014 and November 2016, global terrorism expert Jessica Stern held a series of conversations in a prison cell in The Hague with Radovan Karadzic, a Bosnian Serb former politician who had been indicted for genocide and other war crimes during the Bosnian War and who became an inspiration for white nationalists. Though Stern was used to interviewing terrorists in the field in an effort to understand their hidden motives, the conversations she had with Karadzic would profoundly alter her understanding of the mechanics of fear, the motivations of violence, and the psychology of those who perpetrate mass atrocities at a state level and who—like the terrorists she had previously studied—target noncombatants, in violation of ethical norms and international law.
How do leaders persuade ordinary people to kill their neighbors? What is the “ecosystem” that creates and nurtures genocidal leaders? Could anything about their personal histories, personalities, or exposure to historical trauma shed light on the formation of a war criminal’s identity in opposition to a targeted Other?
In My War Criminal, Jessica Stern brings to bear her incisive analysis and her own deeply considered reactions to her interactions with Karadzic, a brilliant and often shockingly charming psychiatrist and poet who spent twelve years in hiding, disguising himself as an energy healer, while also offering a deeply insightful and sometimes chilling account of the complex and even seductive powers of a magnetic leader—and what can happen when you spend many, many hours with that person.
Boston University global studies professor Stern (coauthor, ISIS: The State of Terror) delivers a fascinating and nuanced portrait of Bosnian Serb leader and convicted war criminal Radovan Karad i .A former poet and psychiatrist, Karad i served as president of the Republika Srpska during the Bosnian War; after the war ended in 1996, he spent 12 years disguised as an energy healer before he was arrested and indicted for the mass murder of 8,000 mainly male inhabitants of Srebrenica, among other war crimes. Stern explores Karad i 's family background and reveals how his politics were driven by fear and resentment of Muslims. She picks apart his rationalizations and obfuscations, yet notes that his claims about the "artificial" nature of the former Yugoslavia and the U.S. government's "stigmatization" of Serbs have merit. Intriguingly self-reflective, Stern writes that though she couldn't bring herself to look into Karad i 's eyes, she found him to be "likable" and "charming" in their one-on-one interviews; she also admits to "harboring a secret, megalomaniacal dream that I was going to get him to apologize." (He didn't.) This eloquent and revelatory book provides essential insight not just into the Balkan wars, but into the mechanisms of genocide and ethnic hatred all over the world.