Anyone about to work in Africa will find this book instructive. It looks at the troubled history of the African continent south of the Sahara Desert. Readers learn of the early slave trade across the Sahara to destinations in the Middle East. This volume shows Portuguese explorers edging around the coast in search of gold, ivory and a sea route to the East. The history of colonialism is outlined with most of Africa falling under foreign control. A chapter gives details about the European powers withdrawing direct control after the second world war. The challenge to new rulers is illustrated in the chapters on Leadership and Administration. Readers learn about many instances of poor government. It is made clear how tribal beliefs often override other teachings. Brian often wrote in the present tense. When you read of the misdeeds of Libyan dictator Qaddafi (you may argue about orthography)we already know he is no more.