Ngos and Civil Society Under the Context of Humanistic Community Construction: Practice and Review of China/ Organisations Non Gouvernementales Et la Societe Civile Dans Le Contexte de la Construction de Communaute Humaniste: Pratique Et Revue de la Chine (Report‪)‬

Canadian Social Science 2006, Dec, 2, 4

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    • 12,99 zł

Publisher Description

1. Since the mid 1980's, the issue of community construction in China has been put on the agenda for governments of various levels. Since 1996, most of the large cities in China have witnessed an extraordinary fashion of community construction, which is followed by a relatively amazing passion. The Shanghai Municipal Government, which acted as the bull werther, put forward the reform scenario concluded as "Bi-level government with tri-level administration" in the Shanghai Municipal City Work Meeting, and later that scenario was readjusted as "Bi-level government with tri-level administration and quadruple-level networks" in 1998, therefore, Shanghai initiated the reform of the city administration system. In the end of 1998, Beijing and Guangzhou put the assumption that the work of neighborhood administration system was the essential issue for the promotion of the city administration by modern means. (3) Both the community service in the elementary period and the community construction of the present period reveal the deepening of our comprehension of the community issue in China, as well as that of the social reform in China. The construction of humanistic community should be linked with the social reform in China. At present, the humanistic community construction has functioned as the starting point of the general social reform in China, even an important move towards the construction of a harmonious society in China. In Hu Jie's points of view, community is the basic organizational form of civil society, which includes three meanings (4): first of all, community is the structural base for civil society, and locality is an important feature of a community, but the common value views are crucial to a community, which has raised so much attention gradually, only to lead the emergence of spiritual community and mental community, such as associations and league. From this point, civil society is composed of communities of various forms. Second, community is the origin of energy for civil society; on the contrary, work unit is the basic organizational form in the traditional planned economy society in China. In civil society, work unit has gradually transformed into as a workplace, only to make the position of a community more and more obvious. The entire citizen activities operate in the society level, and a citizen's interests is liked to the community closely. In addition, community is an important political resource for the civil society. In civil society, community woks as the footstone for the regime construction, therefore, becomes an important part of the state regime frame. The competition and development of various political forces embark on from the community.

1 December
Canadian Academy of Oriental and Occidental Culture

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