- 29,00 kr
INTRODUCTION Feed is an important component of poultry enterprise and has been generally known to be responsible for between 70 to 80% of the total cost of production. Cost of energy in poultry feed had been reported to be about 70% of the total feed cost and about 40% of poultry production cost [1, 2]. Some of the feed raw materials used in poultry feed production such as the cereals, oil seed cakes and other agro-industrial by-products are still being largely imported at high cost to keep the poultry and livestock industries going in many developing countries. Maize is the main source of energy in most farm animal feeds. In the developed nations of the world, maize is produced largely to feed livestock. However, the situation is different in the developing countries where cereals, legumes and some other animal feed components constitute staple foods for man. This brings about a "food-feed" competition for these commodities; hence they become expensive component of animal feeds. Alternatives have been researched into as substitute for cereals in livestock feeds such as cassava tuber products and other agro-industrial by-products like wheat bran, maize middling and maize duzza with a view to reduce cost of production [3, 4, 5] .