Dwight David "Ike" Eisenhower (October 14, 1890-March 28, 1969) was the thirty-fourth president of the United States, from 1953 until 1961. He was a five-star general in the United States Army during World War II and served as supreme commander of the Allied Forces in Europe; he had responsibility for planning and supervising the invasion of North Africa in Operation Torch in 1942-43 and the successful invasion of France and Germany in 1944-45 from the Western Front.
In 1951 he became the first supreme commander of NATO. He was the last US president to have been born in the nineteenth century. In this, his final address to Congress, he warns of the dangers of an uncontrolled "military-industrial complex".