Thomas Woodrow Wilson (December 28, 1856-February 3, 1924) was the 2twenty-eighth president of the United States, from 1913 to 1921, and leader of the progressive movement. Wilson induced a conservative Democratic Congress to pass a progressive legislative agenda, unparalleled until the New Deal in 1933. This included the Federal Reserve Act, the Federal Trade Commission Act, the Clayton Antitrust Act, the Federal Farm Loan Act, and an income tax. Child labor was temporarily curtailed by the Keating-Owen Act of 1916. Wilson also averted a railroad strike and an ensuing economic crisis through passage of the Adamson Act, imposing an eight-hour workday for railroads.
At the outbreak of World War I in 1914, Wilson maintained a policy of neutrality. Narrowly reelected in 1916 around the slogan "he kept us out of war", Wilson's second term was dominated by American entry into World War I.