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Logging remains one of the largest threats to the forests of Danau Sentarum National Park (DSNP). National and international companies are not solely responsible; local communities also extract timber, whose sale often provides a better income than other options and is sometimes the only income-generating opportunity available for rural people. Conservation groups have collaborated with rural people to find alternative sources of income. In DSNP, organizations have partnered with many communities to manage the nearby forests and create other methods of income generation. The most recent attempt in DSNP included the construction of a micro-hydro dam (Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Mikro-Hidro) that could benefit all the stakeholders involved in the project, from NGOs and conservation groups to the local people. This paper explores the micro-hydro electricity development project at Sungai Buntal, (1) focusing on the development process, the transfer and transmission of knowledge between the facilitating organizations and local community, and local perceptions of renewable electricity, development and conservation. The data upon which this preliminary study is based were gathered during fieldwork at Sungai Buntal in August 2008. People in each household were interviewed about micro-hydro development, electricity, and the environment. Additional data on the construction of the project were derived from both structured and unstructured interviews and communication with researchers and workers from two agencies that participated in the development, Yayasan Riak Bumi, a Pontianak-based NGO, and the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) in Bogor. Yayan Indriatmoko was present in the community throughout the process and helped facilitate the development project. His knowledge and contributions to this paper have been invaluable, and much of the information on the actual development process, the micro-hydro project and the Buntal longhouse comes from him.

January 1
Borneo Research Council, Inc
The Gale Group, Inc., a Delaware corporation and an affiliate of Cengage Learning, Inc.

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