Abstract The participation of First Nations in New Brunswick forestry involves complex issues, many of which stem from Aboriginal and Euro-Canadian epistemological constructions of natural resources. Since practice is closely related to mental constructs, the correspondence between these structures has important political implications. Many in the Aboriginal community believe their former existence was in harmony with the natural environment but as Euro-Canadian constructs were imposed, practice was drastically altered. Strategies emerged as various groups chose different ways to deal with the changes. This paper examines the strategies of traditional and contemporary Aboriginal loggers, as well as provincial and Aboriginal governments' attempts to exert control over the management of New Brunswick forests.