This guide provides recommendations for the design and construction of circular, wrapped, prestressed concrete structures commonly used for liquid or bulk storage. These structures are constructed using thin cylindrical shells of either concrete or shotcrete. Shotcrete and precast concrete core walls incorporate a thin steel diaphragm that serves both as a liquid barrier and vertical reinforcement. Cast-in-place concrete core walls incorporate either vertical prestressing or a steel diaphragm. Recommendations are given for circumferential prestressing achieved by wire or strand wrapping. In wrapping, the wire or strand is fully tensioned before placing it on the structural core wall. Procedures for preventing corrosion of the prestressing elements are emphasized. The design and construction of dome roofs are also covered.
Many recommendations of this guide can also be applied to similar structures containing low-pressure gases, dry materials, chemicals, or other materials capable of creating outward pressures. This guide is not intended for application to nuclear reactor pressure vessels or cryogenic containment structures.