Agyptische Algorithmen: Eine Untersuchung zu den mittelagyptischen mathematischen Aufgabentexten. By ANNETTE IMHAUSEN. Agyptologische Abhandlungen, vol. 65. Wiesbaden: HARRASSOWITZ VERLAG, 2003. Pp. xi + 387. [euro]58 (paper). The earliest as well as most of the evidence for hieroglyphic mathematics dates to the first half of the second millennium B.C., to several hundred years after the birth of full-fledged writing. Two papyri dating to that era preserve most of what we have, the Moscow Mathematical Papyrus and the Papyrus Rhind. A similar but more sophisticated development is observed around the same time in cuneiform sources from Mesopotamia. Near Eastern mathematics then stagnates until the Greek miracle of the later first millennium B.C. Two factors place Egypt in the forefront of this resumed growth. First, Alexander's conquest makes Greek into an Egyptian language, indeed Egypt's preferred vehicle of intellectual discourse. Second, royal philanthropy transforms Alexandria into the world center for the study of mathematics for several centuries.