Many adults come up short on social skills. Some of these may be co-workers, friends, or family members who make occasional blunders. Remember Uncle Fred's last visit? But some of these individuals may experience marked social skills deficits throughout life, as is the case with young adults who are diagnosed with High Functioning Autism or Asperger Syndrome (HFA/AS). Indeed, researchers often describe lack of social understanding as one of the core, underlying deficits in autism. Family members of individuals with HFA/AS can attest to their many unique and sometimes humorous social missteps. Whether it is awkwardness conversing with peers or blunt and loud comments about others, it is obvious that social functioning is problematic. Many times each day, youth with HFA/AS encounter situations that call for social skills. As students at school, they often have difficulty with everyday expected interactions, such as playing group games at recess and using popular slang with peers. Many students with HFA/AS can be found hanging out in the library at break or walking the perimeter of the playground in solitude. The natural ability of their "neurotypical" peers to join groups, make small talk, and joke together baffles adolescents with HFA/ AS.