This text is meant to be overview of the examination of the shoulder with ultrasound assistance. The objectives that will be addressed are as follows: (1) Introduce the shoulder joint and basic shoulder anatomy. (2) Discuss the basic shoulder exam and supplemental exams which may lead to differential diagnoses. (3) Discuss common ultrasound views and techniques used to diagnose shoulder pain. (4) Review common shoulder pathology, associated tests and illustrative ultrasound views. (5) Briefly touch upon treatment options that a patient may be presented with to relieve shoulder pain.