India as colourful and vibrant, a land as diverse as its people. A mosaic of faiths, cultures, customs and languages that blend harmoniously to form a composite whole. One of the world’s oldest living civilizations-which gave to the world-the concept of zero, the primordial sound Aum..., Yoga and Buddhism. India is a land of staggering contrast with a mingling of the tradition and modernity that is an unique experience to be found here. One will forever remember the stay in this wonderful Homeland-a land truly of mystery and enchantment. Only India can offer such an astonishing variety of contrasts. The Encyclopaedia aims at presenting perspectives of different aspects of Indian culture. It has topics on Indian classical music and dance, painting, ayurveda and yoga which are traditional and indigenous system of physical and mental well-being, language, philosophy and excellent achievements by Indians in different branches of science and social sciences. It also includes our ancient religious and classic literature. It is hoped that this Encyclopaedia will be welcomed by the general readers as well as scholars who are interested in the Indian heritage.