The author discusses in detail the twin phenomena of colonialism and nationalism that has loomed large over the historical canvas of modern India. The nature of British colonialism, colonial policies and strategies of economic growth have been examined within the parameters of the colonial structure. A unique feature of the book is the description of the ‘Pressure-Compromise-Pressure Strategy’ employed by the British to consolidate power. Probable reasons for the failure of the nationalist movement to counter disruptive colonial forces have been suggested. In effect, Colonialism has been studied as a distinct structure through its different stages. Reinterpreting this period that spanned 150 years, the book provides an alternative framework for the study of modern Indian history.