This volume fills a significant gap in the scholarship on social studies education by providing thoughtful reflections on research methods in the field. It is not a â€œhow toâ€ guide but an exploration of key issues related to the design and implementation of empirical studies. The authors are active researchers who use varied methods in diverse settingsâ€”including historical research, international comparative studies, survey research, interviews with students and teachers, classroom observations, self-studies and action research, and emancipatory methodologies. They use their own experiences to examine such topics as the conceptualization of research questions, relationships with participants, researchersâ€™ identities, and elicitation of studentsâ€™ and teachersâ€™ thinking. This collection should become indispensable for both beginning and experienced scholars in social studies.