Various branches of sociology study the different aspects of the same reality, that is, society. It is but natural that all the branches are interrelated. Accordingly, rural sociology and urban sociology too have interconnections. Rural sociology studies the village and urban sociology deals with the city. The city life depends on the village and what it produces. Similarly, the village is very much influenced by the city. Due to the pressures from within and attractions from outside people are flocking towards the cities from the villages. The economic necessity and social deficiency are ‘pushing’ the people out of the village, while the attractions of the city are ‘pulling’ them towards their centres. This has resulted in phenomenon known as ‘urbanisation’. Both rural sociology and urban sociology are interested in studying this phenomenon. The present book is providing an essential resource for students of sociology, social work and management. This book brings together important but, till now, widely dispersed writings on rural and urban studies.