Under-maintained and over-worked during the Second World War, Britainís railways emerged from the conflict carrying a ëpoor bag of physical assetsí. Yet the new government of 1945 saw a need to bring the nationís great industries into public ownership ñ a move that saw the creation of a single railway network three years later. At first, it seemed like ëbusiness as usualí, but as the 1950s dawned and BRís deficit grew deeper, it was clear that costs needed to be cut wherever possible. And that meant modernisation.??Published at the very end of 1954, the so-called Modernisation Plan would see the ordering of over 170 diesel locomotives and the launch of a bold plan to electrify much of the West Coast Main Line. The downside for enthusiasts and traditionalists was the beginning of the end for steam, though the path to modernisation would not run smooth; neither would it come cheap. The decade would end much as it had begun ñ with a new government seeking ways to save money. Doctor Beeching was on his way.??This book is part of the Britainís Heritage series, which provides definitive introductions to the riches of Britainís past, and is the perfect way to get acquainted with the Fifties Railway in all its variety.